This building type is one or one and one-half story gable ended residence built up to the street or property line.Usually provided with a small alley on each side, sometimes an access passage is located through the center of the structure. Two rooms wide and two rooms deep, sometimes with a loggia flanked by small cabinet rooms at the back, entry is from the sidewalk.The French type cottage has four French doors on the street front, above,
a more American type is two doors and two double-hung windows on the front. Found in the late 18th century, this type of dwelling continued to be built through the nineteenth century, and is found all over the city, primarily in older neighborhoods.
Its influence on the shotgun house is obvious. Other cottage types, written in. A cottage in the creole taste is not the same as a creole cottage: it has a front gallery, French doors and a large front yard. Few remain except as back portions of residences, usually double shotguns, where a later addition occupies the front yard; one speculates they remain because they could not form a part of a double shotgun plan.
Center Hall plan
This indicates an American plan house with a center hall with two rooms on each side, ranging from small in scale to pretentious. This house plan is used for one and one-half, or two and one-half story buildings.
Side Hall Townhouse
This plan is the most typical American residential plan of the first three-quarters of the nineteenth century. An entry hall parallels a parlor area , with other rooms farther back in the wing. In larger houses, two or three stories are found, with bedrooms opening off the stair-hall; in small cottages, the scale is infinitley modest. This plan is also that of row houses.
This type of one-story dwelling is so named by its hall-less plan of room after room, front to back. Buildings of this type,with or without front porches, are provided with small side alleys and are built right up to the front property line or within a few feet of it. Apparently an invention of the late 1850’s, their heyday is from the late 1860’s through to the end of the century. The front facades may be elaborate, or plain. Two-bay, Three-bay and Four-bay single shotguns. In addition to;
35. Double, four-bay Shotgun
Other Building Types
This term is used for various kinds of building plans where a shop is entered from the sidewalk and where a residence is above or adjacent, is also entered from the street. Certain commercial rows of the 1830’s-60’s had identical uses, but his category applies to single structures. Examples are found from the early nineteenth century through, at least the First World War
A one and one-half story residence with a center hall and front gallery, a raised cottage is generally a substantial and handsome residence set at least four of five foot above grade, this example however, is not. The same building however can be found to be set lower down and is simply called a cottage. Apparently a marriage of the raised French Colonial dwelling where living rooms were off the ground with an American center hall plan, the raised cottage is defined by the 1830’s and lasted until the 1880’s.
Popular elsewhere in Gothic Revival and Italianate work, but with few examples hre in these styles, this refers t the irregular asymmetrical plan first made popular in New Orleans by the Quenn Anne style where the entry hall is replaced by a generous sized entry room with a stairway, off which various main rooms give in various directions.Some bunglows carry on this tradition.
One of the characteristics of older New Orleans neighborhoods is a one story commercial building on a corner in a shopping area or a residential area. Although many are residences remodeled as stores, the important examples were built as shops, right up to the sidewalks, and often have shed roofs supported on posts at the curb running their lengths. These buildings are characterized by many French doors opening to the sidewalk. A purely commercial building, they are to be distinguished from the shop/residence building type.
A service building for an existing, or lost main structure,
and may include auxiallary buildings, such a rear quarters, as well as sheds etc.
19th century store
This building typeis that which developed in the CBD and commercial areas of the city in the 1830’s and lasted until about the 1870’s. Often built as a series of identical units separated by fire walls, it is characterizedby stone or iron-clad brick columns on the ground floor and regularly spaced double-hung windows on the upper floors. Balconies, rails in windows and shed roofs hung over the side-walk on cast iron brackets are often found. The interior spaces were left open for various units. The spaces between the first floor columns were fitted with wood and glass door sash which opened up to allow delivery of goods in and out: few such sash remain.
Starting in the 1850’s, buildings housing offices are found. These constructions would house one firm or a major occupant on the first floor, with other firms and offices above. This category is used to record early examples of this type as well as twentieth century high-rise buildings.